This is a guide for you to create your own cheese and wine tasting. As well as the wine pairings, the marriage of cheeses is an art. The harmonious joining of flavors and textures that not only complement but also bring to the palate exquisite notes together.
Since the discovery of cheese, it has been a basic element of cooking. What probably started with a merchant who stored milk in a bag or a jar, milk curdled to what we know as a solid mass. Even a shepherd who carried his milk in a bag made with the stomach of a lamb, the enzymes of the container made the milk curd to a solid mass with the consistency of ricotta or cottage.
To be able to make a perfect match, you must first know that like wines, cheeses also have different classifications and will be of better quality if the circumstances in which they are created are better. The quality of the milk does not only depend on the milk; but of the animal, its race and the food that is given to it.
The breed and feeding of the animal can affect the concentration of fats and proteins in the cheese. To know the cheese you have to know its classifications
TYPE OF MILK
Whether cow, goat, sheep or any other ruminant mammal. The cheese has to mention the type of milk with which it was made.
AMOUNT OF FAT
With 25% or less of fat.
fresh goat cheese, mozzarella, fresh cheese, cheddar, camembert
SEMI FATS – From 25% to 40% fat.
Manchego, Brie, Gouda, Parmesan
From 40% to 60% fat.
Roquefort, Cabrales, Gorgonzola, Gruyère
Fresh cheeses only go through a fermentation process. At the end of this, fresh cheeses are marketed.
Panela, Cottage cheese
The mature cheeses mature in cava after the fermentation process. They are subjected to ripening to obtain aromatic and gustatory properties.
Parmesan, Mozzarella, Cheddar, Roquefort, Camembert
From 50% to 80% humidity. They are creamy and easy to spread.
Cottage, Mascarpone, Cream
From 45% to 50% humidity. With semi creamy texture, they can be cut or spread.
Brie, port salut, feta.
From 30% to 45% humidity. Most cheeses that can be cut without breaking belong to this category.
Edam, gouda, cheddar.
30% humidity or less. These cheeses that crack when cut.
Parmesan, sbrinz, pecorino.
All fresh cheeses.
Oaxaca, cotija, panela.
The crust is created when drying. With time, the bark will get bigger and harder.
Reblochón, chaumes, idiázabal.
These cheeses are created a rind of mold, usually edible, which causes distinctive flavors.
These cheeses are placed an artificial bark to protect or flavor them. The crusts vary among waxes, ashes, herbs among others.
Sea of silver, cheddar, edam.
To make a good pairing you must first take into account the intensity of the cheese. What is recommended is to pair cheeses of aroma and mild flavor with wines of similar characteristics. If on the other hand you have a cheese with a strong flavor, you want to pair it with an intense and structured wine.
It is generally recommended to pair soft cheeses with dry white wines and young reds. For cheeses with a strong flavor it is recommended to pair with strong red wines or dessert. The regions of the cheeses and the wines are another factor that is taken into account when making the pairing. You can match cheeses and wines from the same region or country.
Cheese and Wine Tasting
Here we give some recommendations of marriage between cheeses and wines:
Sparkling dry, red with barrel. Cabernet, Tempranillo.
Potent red wines some regions may be Ribera del Duero, Priorat, Toro, Cava Seco, late harvest wine.
Fruity white wine, dry rosé or red wine with barrel Chardonnay without barrel, Syrah, Malbec.
Sweet white wines, semi-dry sparkling wines or young red wines. Muscatel.
Dry semi-sweet or sparkling white wine. Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Chenin Blanc.
White wines with good acidity, Chardonnay with a little barrel or reds with barrel.
Tempranillo, Zinfandel, Cabernet.
Red wines with good structure Cabernet, Tempranillo, Cabernet-Merlot blend.
Young red or light white wines Merlot, Lambrusco, Chenin Blanc.
Dry sparkling wines, natural sweet wines, structured reds. Syrah, Malbec, Cabernet; Bordeaux mixture: Cabernet, Merlot, Petit Verdot.